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The One Hundred Fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1997 to January 3, 1999, during the fifth and sixth years of Bill Clinton's presidency. Apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twenty-first Census of the United States in 1990. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Senate

There was no change in the parties during this Congress.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total  
     
Republican Democratic Vacant
End of previous Congress 53 47 100 0
 
105th Congress 55 45 100 0
Final voting share 55% 45%  
 
Beginning of the next Congress 55 45 100 0

[edit] House of Representatives

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total  
       
Republican Democratic Independent Vacant
End of previous Congress 231 203 1 435 0
 
Begin 228 206 1 435 0
End 227 207
Final voting share 52.2% 47.6% 0.2%  
 
Beginning of the next Congress 223 211 1 435 0
Non-voting members 1 4 0 5 0